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Summary from Bioinformatics Open Science Codefest 2013: Tools, infrastructure, standards and visualization

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The 2013 Bioinformatics Open Source Conference (BOSC) starts tomorrow in Berlin, Germany. It’s a yearly conference devoted to community-based software development projects supporting biological research. Members of the Open Bioinformatics Foundation discuss implementations and approaches to better provide interoperable and reusable software, libraries and pipelines.

For the past five years, a two day Codefest and hackathon preceded the conference. This gives programmers time to work face-to-face, sharing approaches and discovering connections between projects. This year, the the Department of Biology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin kindly hosted Codefest 2013. Thanks to the organizers and attendees, we finished projects ranging from tool development, infrastructure integration, standards development and visualization. There are photos of the Codefest in progress and a detailed writeup of projects.

Below we summarize the accomplishments from the two days. We welcome feedback on the topics covered and hope that by sharing our work we can encourage more programmers to become part of the open science bioinformatics community. Actively working to build well-tested, community-developed, interoperable tools is how we solve increasingly difficult research questions ranging from human health to plant breeding to microbial community function. The progress made in two days illuminates the effectiveness of open collaborative science.

Tool Development

BioRuby and BaseSpace – Develop SDK and apps for Illumina BaseSpace

Toshiaki Katayama, Raoul Bonnal, Eri Kibukawa, Joachim Baran, Dan MacLean, Fernando Izquierdo-Carrasco, Spencer Bliven

During the Codefest, we tested and documented our port of the BaseSpace Python SDK to Ruby. Ruby/Biogem developers can now easily utilize next-generation sequencing code within the Illumina’s BaseSpace framework. For non-Ruby programers, we found that it can be a burden to create new Web app from scratch on top of your NGS program. So we started new project to provide a Web-app scaffold for BaseSpace. We have already implemented the basic portion but will need some more time before releasing the BioBaseSpace application. The BaseSpace Ruby SDK was officially released: for more information, see Joachim’s blog post, the official announcement from the BioRuby team and the annoucement from Illumina.

Barrnap – Bacterial ribosomal RNA predictor

Torsten Seemann, Tim Booth

For the last 8 years RNAmmer has been the standard tool for predicting ribosomal RNA features in genomes, because it is reasonably fast, accurate, and works on bacteria and eukaryotes. Its drawbacks are that it relies on small, older databases; requires an older conflicting version of HMMER; and has restrictive licence terms. To resolve these issues we have implemented a new rRNA predictor which uses the new “nmmer” tool from HMMER 3.1 for searching DNA profiles against DNA sequence. We used the Silva and GreenGenes seed alignments for the 5S, 23S and 16S genes to build the profile models from. Barrnap is a small Perl script which takes FASTA as input, and outputs the rRNA feature predictions in GFF3 format. It will be packaged in Bio-Linux and replace RNAmmer in the Prokka bacterial annotation system.

BioJVM – Coordinating and integrating BioJava and ScaBio

Spencer Bliven, Andreas Prlic, Markus Gumbel

Both Java and Scala run on the Java Virtual Machine. As such, it makes sense to coordinate and document the various Bio* projects which run on the JVM and therefor can interoperate to some degree. We are able to successfully reference BioJava functions from Scala code and ScaBio functions from Java code. The ease of this process means that users can easily use both libraries from whichever language is more suited for their biological problem.

Biopython

Peter Cock, Konstantin Tretyakov, Bin Zhang

The Biopython team worked on training new users at Codefest and exploring integration of Biopython with other Python molecular visualization toolkits like PyMol. Infrastructure development involved testing and debugging on multiple systems, including identifying and fixing Windows and PyPy problems. We also identified areas where we can make it easier to contribute to Biopython: specifically easing the process to report and fix bugs by moving to integrated GitHub issue tracking and working to support Biopython-associated projects with easy installation tools.

Galaxy Debianization

Tim Booth

I spent several hours revisiting previous work on the Galaxy package for Bio-Linux and made significant progress towards it being something that can go into Debian-proper. Results will be committed to Deb-Med public SVN and patches will be forwarded to the Galaxy dev mailing list.

Standards and Visualization

Ontology and provenance representation

Herve Menager, Bertrand Neron, Jackie Quinn, Stian Soiland-Reyes, Matus Kalas, Steffen Moller

The goal of this group was to investigate and implement solutions to use ontologies to help people find and use the programs and data they need for their work, and to help automate the integration of tools or data resources into workflows or workbenches. We also wanted to identify useful provenance metadata, to store in a rigorous way the conditions and configuration of analysis steps run by users. This improves transparency, reproducibility, and reliability of the scientific results.

We worked toward inclusion of the EDAM onotology as part of the Mobyle system’s built-in type and classification mechanisms. We created a user case by identify workflows in Mobyle and mapped the descriptions unto EDAM classification to allow mapping between the types. We also investigated the possibilities opened by projects such as PROV to standardize the provenance information stored by systems such as Mobyle. We added a prototype functionality to the development version of Mobyle that dynamically generates this provenance information in a JSON-based format.

Integrate DGE-Vis & Dalliance, JS animation scheduler

David Powell, Thomas Down, Skyler Brungardt, Alex Kalderimis

We worked on integrating two visualization tools: the Dalliance genome browser and the DGE-Vis RNA-seq explorer. We now have a proof-of-concept tool that makes it possible to visualise RNA-seq analysis while browsing the genome. This inspired a JavaScript scheduler that is able to schedule slow animation updates when the JavaScript engine is not busy, allowing smoother animations and more accurate windows. Finally, we added a JBrowse-compatible JSON backend for Dalliance for integration with Intermine.

Infrastructure

Infrastructure management via CloudBioLinux (CBL)

Enis Afgan, John Chilton, Brad Chapman

  • Galaxy: We integrated custom installation procedures present in CBL with the Galaxy-tools versioned installation methodology.
  • Documentation: Due to the increased interest by individuals to use and contribute to CBL, we invested effort into creating purpose-driven documentation for CBL. This should help people use the endproduct of CBL, customize CBL their needs, as well as learn about the internals of CBL with the aim of contributing. We will finish and make the documentation available on ReadTheDocs over the coming months.
  • Build frameworks: We developed a simpler automated method to invoke the CBL build framework to help remove complex error prone steps.
  • Web tooling: In spirit of making CBL more accessible and easier to use, we’ve decided to tackle development of a lightweight webapp that helps with customizing and generating CBL configuration files.

Improve ipython cluster support and runtime metrics

Valentine Svensson, Guillermo Carrasco, Roman Valls, Per Unneberg

We worked to extend the Ipython parallel cluster framework to support additional schedulers, specifically implementing SLURM support to supplement existing SGE, LSF, Torque and Condor schedulers. We plan to extend this to allow generalized use of the DRMAA connector, ultimately port such generalization into ipython so that python scientific computations can be executed efficiently across different clusters implementation. Both Roman and Guillermo blogged detailed documentation of the work in progress.

We also worked to build a tool that helps provide run time estimations for bioinformatcs jobs (e.g. “how long should aligning 40 million reads against hg19 with BWA take if I use 8 cores?”). We plan to collaborate on longer term development of this with the Genome Comparison of Analytic Testing team.

GATK-based reusable pipeline based around Rubra/Ruffus

Clare Sloggett, Bernie Pope

We worked on code cleanup, documentation and test data for a reusable pipeline to handle variant calling and annotation, using Rubra built on the Ruffus framework. It handles BWA alignment, GATK alignment cleaning and variant calling and ENSEMBL annotation. To make these pipelines easier to run, we worked on integrating them into the GVF flavor in CloudBioLinux.

Written by Brad Chapman

July 18, 2013 at 6:26 pm

Posted in OpenBio

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Bioinformatics open source interoperability Hackathon at the Broad Institute

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Interoperability Hackathon

On April 7th and 8th, a group of biologists and programmers gathered at the Broad Institute to work on improving interoperability of open-source bioinformatics tools. Organized by the Open Bioinformatics Foundation and GenomeSpace team, this was part of the lead up to the Bioinformatics Open Source Conference (BOSC) in July in Berlin. The event is part of an ongoing series of coding sessions (Codefests or Hackathons) organized by the open bioinformatics community, which give programmers who typically work together remotely a chance to code and discuss in the same place for two days. These have been successful in both producing new code and in building connections which help sustain development of these community projects.

Goals and outcomes

One major challenge in analyzing biological data is interfacing multiple bioinformatics tools. Tools often work independently, and where general architectures like plugins or API exist they are often project specific. This results in isolated islands of data exchange, but transferring data or resources between tools requires work that is often rate-limiting or insurmountable.

Our goal at the hackathon was to provide simple APIs and implementations that help facilitate transfers between multiple islands of functionality. GenomeSpace does this by providing a central hub and API to push and pull from tools. We wanted to generalize this to support multiple tools, and build client implementations that demonstrate this in practice. The long term goal is to encourage tool developers to provide server side APIs compatible with the more general library, making extension of the connector toolkit easier. For developers, the client API would allow them to easily transfer files between multiple tools without needing to learn and implement the specific transfer APIs of each tool.

We called this high level client library Genome Connector (gcon, for short) and took a practical approach by implementing client libraries that provide a common interface to multiple tools: GenomeSpace, Galaxy, BaseSpace, 23andMe and general key-value stores through jClouds. To identify a reasonable amount of work for two days, we focused on file transfer: authentication, finding files, getting and putting files to remote analysis platforms. In addition we defined some critical components for doing biological work:

  • File metadata: We need to be able to store arbitrary key/value on objects to assign essential biological information necessary to interpret it, like organisms and genome build. In addition, metadata allows provenance and tracking of files by enabling annotation of files with history and processing steps.
  • Filesets: Large biological files have secondary files with indexes, allowing indexed retrieval of data (for example: read bam and bai, variant vcf and idx, tabix gz and tbi). To avoid expensive reindexing, we want to group and transfer these together.

We also identified other useful extensions that would help improve interoperability and facilitate building connected tools, like providing Publish/subscribe hooks to avoid having to poll servers for updates, and smarter approaches to sending data to avoid duplication and unnecessary transfer of data.

The output of our discussion and coding are common Genome Connector implementations in multiple languages. GitHub repositories are available for in-progress Java, Python and Clojure implementations. These wrap multiple diverse tools and expose them through a common top level API, allowing developers to push and pull data from multiple tools.

I’m immensely grateful to the incredible participants who generously donated their time and expertise to help with these projects. For anyone interested we also have detailed documentation on discussions during the hackathon.

Bioinformatics Open Source Conference

If you’re a bioinformatics programmers interested in open source coding and helping answer biological questions by improving usability and connectivity of tools, you’re welcome to join the OpenBio and BOSC communities. We’ve created a biological interoperability mailing list for additional discussion. The next BOSC conference is July 19th and 20th in Berlin, Germany as part of the ISMB conference. There will also be another two day Codefest proceeding BOSC on July 17th and 18th. Abstracts for talks at BOSC are due this Friday, April 12th. Looking forward to seeing everyone at future BOSC and coding events.

Written by Brad Chapman

April 8, 2013 at 3:25 pm

Posted in OpenBio

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